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Version: 0.5.1

Gravitino connector - PostgreSQL catalog

The PostgreSQL catalog allows querying and creating tables in an external PostgreSQL database. This can be used to join data between different systems like PostgreSQL and Hive, or between different PostgreSQL instances.


To connect to PostgreSQL, you need:

  • PostgreSQL 10.x or higher.
  • Network access from the Trino coordinator and workers to PostgreSQL. Port 5432 is the default port.

Create table

At present, the Gravitino connector only supports basic PostgreSQL table creation statements, which involve fields, null allowances, and comments. However, it does not support advanced features like primary keys, indexes, default values, and auto-increment.

The Gravitino connector does not support CREATE TABLE AS SELECT.

Alter table

Gravitino connector supports the following alter table operations:

  • Rename table
  • Add a column
  • Drop a column
  • Rename a column
  • Change a column type
  • Set a table property


The Gravitino connector supports most SELECT statements, allowing the execution of queries successfully. Currently, it doesn't support certain query optimizations, such as indexes and pushdowns.

Table and Schema properties

PostgreSQL's tables and schemas cannot support properties.

Basic usage examples

You need to do the following steps before you can use the PostgreSQL catalog in Trino through Gravitino.

  • Create a metalake and catalog in Gravitino. Assuming that the metalake name is test and the catalog name is postgresql_test, then you can use the following code to create them in Gravitino:
curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d '{
"name": "test",
"comment": "comment",
"properties": {}
}' http://gravitino-host:8090/api/metalakes

curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d '{
"name": "postgresql_test",
"type": "RELATIONAL",
"comment": "comment",
"provider": "jdbc-postgresql",
"properties": {
"jdbc-url": "jdbc:postgresql://postgresql-host/mydb",
"jdbc-user": "<user>",
"jdbc-password": "<password>",
"jdbc-database": "mydb",
"jdbc-driver": "org.postgresql.Driver"
}' http://gravitino-host:8090/api/metalakes/test/catalogs

For more information about the PostgreSQL catalog, please refer to PostgreSQL catalog.

  • Set the value of configuration gravitino.metalake to the metalake you have created, named 'test', and start the Trino container.

Use the Trino CLI to connect to the Trino container and run a query.

Listing all Gravitino managed catalogs:


The results are similar to:

(4 rows)

Query 20231017_082503_00018_6nt3n, FINISHED, 1 node

The gravitino catalog is a catalog defined By Trino catalog configuration. The test.postgresql_test catalog is the catalog created by you in Gravitino. Other catalogs are regular user-configured Trino catalogs.

Creating tables and schemas

Create a new schema named database_01 in postgresql_test catalog.

CREATE SCHEMA postgresql_test.database_01;

Create a new table named table_01 in schema "test.postgresql_test".database_01.

CREATE TABLE postgresql_test.database_01.table_01
name varchar,
salary int

Writing data

Insert data into the table table_01:

INSERT INTO postgresql_test.database_01.table_01 (name, salary) VALUES ('ice', 12);

Insert data into the table table_01 from select:

INSERT INTO postgresql_test.database_01.table_01 (name, salary) SELECT * FROM "test.postgresql_test".database_01.table_01;

Querying data

Query the table_01 table:

SELECT * FROM postgresql_test.database_01.table_01;

Modify a table

Add a new column age to the table_01 table:

ALTER TABLE postgresql_test.database_01.table_01 ADD COLUMN age int;

Drop a column age from the table_01 table:

ALTER TABLE postgresql_test.database_01.table_01 DROP COLUMN age;

Rename the table_01 table to table_02:

ALTER TABLE postgresql_test.database_01.table_01 RENAME TO "test.postgresql_test".database_01.table_02;


Drop a schema:

DROP SCHEMA postgresql_test.database_01;

Drop a table:

DROP TABLE postgresql_test.database_01.table_01;